difference between crt and lcd monitor ?

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difference between crt and lcd monitor ?

Post by ashu4261 on Wed Jan 15, 2014 5:44 pm

Key Difference: LCDs (Liquid Crystal Display) are displays that use liquid crystals sandwiched between two sheets of polarizing material. The images are displayed when electrical charge is applied to the crystals. CRTs (Cathode Ray Tube) are vacuum tubes that use electron guns and fluorescent screens to display images. CRTs and LCDs vary greatly and LCDs are replacing CRTs in today’s world. LCDs are lighter, slimmer and consume less power compared to CRTs. However, CRTs have a sharper image quality compared to LCDs.



LCDs (Liquid Crystal Display) are displays that use liquid crystals sandwiched between two sheets of polarizing material. The images are displayed when electrical charge is applied to the crystals. An LCD uses a select type of liquid crystal known as twisted nematics (TN), which are twisted in shape. Applying a current to these crystals causes them to unwind to a certain degree depending on the voltage. A LCD is in a layer formation, it starts with a mirror on the back for reflection, followed by a piece of glass that has a polarizing film on the bottom side, and a common electrode plane made of indium-tin oxide on top. After that is a layer of liquid crystals, followed by another piece of glass with an electrode and another polarizing film, which is at a right angle to the first one. The LCD is then hooked up to power source that provides a charge to the crystals and causes them to create an image on the screen. LCDs also have a backlight that makes the image visible to the user.


CRTs (Cathode Ray Tube) are vacuum tubes that use electron guns and fluorescent screens to display images. A heated filament or ‘cathode’ is in a vacuum in a glass tube, while an electron gun pours electrons into the tube and the electrons are attracted by the positive anode in the tubes. The screen is coated with phosphor, which glows after is hit by the electron gun. Color CRTs have three different electron guns, one for each primary color. A shadow mask, thin metal screen filled with holes, is used to control the points where the electron beams passes to focus on a single point on the CRT’s phosphor surface. Another method is an aperture-grill, which uses tiny vertical wires. Aperture-grill displays are more expensive compared to shadow mask CRTs. However, CRTs are becoming obsolete as it is being replaced by LCDs, OLEDs, Plasmas, etc.

CRTs and LCDs vary greatly and LCDs are replacing CRTs in today’s world. LCDs are lighter, slimmer and consume less power compared to CRTs. LCDs also give off less radiation compared to CRTs. However, CRTs have a sharper image quality compared to LCDs. LCDs can face with the problems of dead pixels, where a pixel dies and leaves small dot on the screen that does not change; whereas CRTs can face with burn-in problems.
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