what is switch?

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what is switch?

Post by ashu4261 on Thu Jan 16, 2014 12:07 am

A network switch is a broad and imprecise marketing term for a computer networking device that connects network segments.
The network switch, packet switch (or just switch) plays an integral part in most Ethernet local area networks or LANs. Mid-to-large sized LANs contain a number of linked managed switches. Switches may operate at one or more OSI layers, including physical, data link, network, or transport (i.e., end-to-end). A device that operates simultaneously at more than one of these layers is called a multilayer switch, although use of the term is diminishing.
A network switch is a small hardware device that joins multiple computers together within one local area network (LAN).
Technically, network switches operate at layer two (Data Link Layer) of the OSI model. Network switches appear nearly identical to network hubs, but a switch generally contains more intelligence (and a slightly higher price tag) than a hub. Unlike hubs, network switches are capable of inspecting data packets as they are received, determining the source and destination device of each packet, and forwarding them appropriately.
By delivering messages only to the connected device intended, a network switch conserves network bandwidth and offers generally better performance than a hub
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